The word Sikh literally means "a learner" and is derived from the Sanskrit word "shishya" which means disciple or student or learner. ". In the Punjabi language the word Sikh also means to learn.In a broader sense anyone who professes sikh religion is a Sikh. But A Sikh is a person who takes his spiritual guidance only from the Sikh Gurus; who believes in and remembers the one God (Simran), commonly referred to as Waheguru, at all times; believes in the equality of all beings and selfless service to humanity (Seva); believes in the protection of the weak (Kurbani); preservation of peace; the promotion of personal qualities of Sat (Truth); Daya (Compassion); Santokh (Contenment); Nimrata (Humility); and Pyare (Love); and who at all times constantly repels the inner five evils of Kam (Lust), Krodh (Rage), Lobh (Greed), Moh (Attachment) and Ahankar (Ego). The Guru requires the Sikh to lead a life of discipline; to rise early in the morning; to cleanse oneself both externally (bathing) and internally (Naam simran) ; to meditate on the Almighty; to discard negative traits of the mind; and grasp the positive vibes from the Guru's word (Gurbani). By doing this the Sikh will become pleasing to the Guru. A Sikh must know his or her duty to oneself, the family and the community and perform this to the best of his or her ability. To lead a life of Chardikala - "positive outlook" and "buoyant and optimistic attitude to life" accepting God's will as the ultimate reality. To study and seek spiritual guidance from the Guru at difficult times, to remember the Lord always and, at all times, to seek the company of the Sadh sangat - holy congregation or spiritually wise people.To achieve this modest lifestyle he need to fulfill three requirements: Naam Japo, Kirat Karni and Wand kay Shako, which means meditate on the holy name (Waheguru), work diligently and honestly and share one's fruits.
Why sikhs don't cut hair?
Putar ji: Dada ji why cant I cut my hair ? I have to practice religion and not my hair !
Dada ji: But Putar Ji it has been commanded by our guru and we must follow and take pride in keeping hair
Putar ji: (Not really convinced): Well I have a football match tommorow so I better sleep on time . Good nite Dada ji! Next morning
Putar Ji: Dada ji where is my team uniform
Dada ji: Why ? I dint get it ready Wear something else
Putar Ji: No Dada ji its important cant wear something else
Dada ji: But Putar Ji you have to play , not your uniform
Putar Ji: But its discipline and required.
Putar ji: Oh now I understand what you really mean and why is it important to keep hair. But is there any reason as well?
Dada ji: Putar ji Our first Guru Guru Nanak was born in 1469 he took upon himself the task of helping people and saving them from cruel practices started by rich and educated people to dominate or exploit the weaker sections. Later he handed the responsibility to Guru Angad dev ji and Guruship kept passing till Guru Gobind Singh ji who made Guru Granth Sahib ji . Many people from different religions became disciples (sikhs) and were following the teachings of Gurus . Later , due to prevailing social and political environment Guru Gobind Singh felt the need to form a separate community . He formed Khalsa panth which came to be know as Sikh Panth or simply “Sikhs”. He laid down some basic rules and code of conduct for the members . He gave them five symbols of identity 5k’s . One of them is Kesh (hair) . members of Sikh Panth are required to keep their hair (from head to toe) uncut. It provided them the distinct identity from then prevailing religions and also rid away the social problem of castes and evils relating to it . Now every member would wear same symbols of identity and had same surname "Singh Khalsa”.
Sikhs are required to keep hair, comb them regularly maintain the hygiene and tie them properly and wear turban. Wearing turban was an old tradition and mark of pride and honored people usually rich class wore it. Guru thus ended the divide and instilled confidence among people that everyone was a child of God and to be treated equally . This had great impact among the Sikhs as they proved their mettle in battlefields and fought bravely against trained Mughal soldiers . For eg in battle of Chamkaur 40 sikhs fought against battalion of Mughal army and each sikh killed lacs of soldiers and attained martydom
Sikhs were ready to get their scalps removed but not their hair But today they are questioning the very basic requirement asked by our Guru. Sikhs should take pride in their culture and teachings of Gurus.
Putar ji: But Dada ji now we are not fighting any wars what is the need today ?
Dada Ji: It is matter of belief- keeping hair . By obeying the rules laid down by Guru one becomes a dedicated student who submits to his teacher and is willing to learn unconditionally from him . Besides there are numerous arguments why we should keep hair .
Hair is gift of God and crown of head they should not be cut but preserved
Hair is symbol of love for God . Love of his creation is loving him and the way God made us is most beautiful and we should respect that.
About beard and moustache God clearly distinguished between men and women . But we are adamant to distort it Putar ji : But why then we cut nails they are also given by God?
Dada ji: It is not correct to compare nails with hair. Long nails will make it difficult to do daily activity while we tie our hair in a bun and do not create any problem in doing our task . But the real thing is we only remove dead part of nails while the pink part which is alive is preserved similarly dead hair are removed while combing while live and attached hair are to be kept unshorn.
Putar ji: But my friends say if I don’t cut them they will grow longer than me and start touching the ground , then how will I tie them ?
Dada ji: hahah! Do you see my hair that long ?
Puttar ji: No !
Dada Ji: Sikhs never cut their hair and it does not touch the ground, their eyebrows grow to a specific length, their moustaches grow to a specific length, and their beard stops at a specific length. Our body has a natural way of shedding and regenerating hair, thus after a period of time, hair seems to stay at a consistent length
Also there are scientific reasons Putar Ji such as , keeping hair is practical because hair has many functions. It traps an insulating layer of still air just outside the skin, and thereby keeping the head cool in summer and warm in winters. Furthermore, hair absorbs harmful ultra violet radiations from the sun and reduces skin cancer. In addition, hair follicles can make androgenic hormones. Axillary hair provides larger surface area for evaporation of sweat.
Besides if we take note of any spiritual leaders they all kept hairs like Guru Nanak , Ram Chandra, Jesus all kept hairs.
There are many statements in favor of why should Sikhs keep hair but the real reason is Guru Gobind Singh kept keeping hair as one of the symbols for members of Sikhs and which must be followed and Sikhs should take pride in it.
Putar ji: Thank you Dada ji ! I am proud to be sikh and promise not to ever cut my hair from any part of body.